About Liberia


Liberia is a country in West Africa bordered by Sierra Leone, Guinea, Cote d'Ivoire, and the Atlantic Ocean. The country has been known as the “Pepper Coast” and the “Grain Coast”. The country covers an area of 111,369 km² (43,000 sq mi), making it slightly larger than the U.S. state of Tennessee.


Liberia has a population of about 4.5 million people (2015). The capital and largest city is Monrovia, named after James Monroe, the fifth President of the United States (1817–1825), who was instrumental in its founding.  Major cities in the Liberia include those located along the coast – Buchanan, Greenville and Harper, but also large inland cities including Gbarnga, Ganta, Voinjama and Zwedru.


English is the official language; although, “Liberian English” is Liberia’s own patois spoken throughout the country along with several indigenous languages – Vai, Bassa, Kpelle, Lorma, Gio, Mano, Krahn, Kru and Grebo to name a few.


Liberia is Africa's oldest Republic; but, it became known in the 1990s for its long-running civil war which caused the death of around 250,000 people and damaged most of the infrastructure.  Thousands more Liberians fled the country during the war to various parts of the world.  More recently, the Ebola epidemic caused another major setback in the country; although, Liberia was one of the first West African countries to be declared Ebola-free.


The system of government is a Republic with a President as the head of state and head of government. The President leads the Executive Branch of the Government. The country has two other branches of Government – a bicameral Legislature and a Judiciary.  The Legislature comprises a Senate, led by the Vice President and a House of Representatives led by a Speaker of the House. The Judiciary is led by a Chief Justice who heads the Supreme Court.


Liberia was a founding member of the League of Nations, United Nations, and the Organization of African Unity, presently, the Afican Union (AU).


Liberia produced the only African female President of the United Nations, Angie Elizabeth Brooks and the world's first elected black famale President and Africa's first elected female head of state, Ellen Johnson Sirleaf.